Apprenticeship Training

Apprenticeship is a Skill Training program wherein a person is engaged by a company as an apprentice and gains classroom (theory) learning for a short period, followed by on-the-job (practical) training.

1.  Apprenticeship Training

Apprenticeship Training is a course of training in any industry or establishment, undergone in pursuance of a contract of apprenticeship between employer and apprentices and under prescribed terms and conditions. All sectors, including manufacturing and service, are covered under the Apprenticeship Act 1961. Apprenticeship lengths vary significantly across sectors, professions, roles, and cultures. In some cases, people who complete an apprenticeship can reach the professional certification level of competence. Apprenticeship training consists of:–

(a)  Basic Training
(b)  On the Job Training / Practical Training at the workplace

(a)  Basic Training : Basic training is an essential component of apprenticeship training for those who have not undergone any institutional training/skill training before taking up on-the- job training/practical training. Basic Training is imparted to fresher apprentices for acquiring a reasonable ability to handle Instruments /Machineries /Equipment /Assignments/Tasks independently prior to being moved to Shop Floor/Work Area for practical/On-Job training.

(b)  On the Job Training / Practical Training at the workplace : On the Job Training is practical training imparted at the workplace premises of an establishment.

2. Kinds of Trades / Courses Establishments Can Take up Under the Apprenticeship Act

There are two categories of Trades defined under the Apprenticeship act 1961-

Designated Trades : Those notified by the Government are referred to as” Designated Trades” and these are mostly engineering based and appropriate for the manufacturing sector.

Optional Trades : Optional trade means any trade or occupation, or any subject field of engineering, non-engineering, technology or vocational training found relevant by an employer as per their requirements, other than the Designated Trades notified under the Act. These are referred to as “Optional Trades”.

The concept of “Optional Trade” was introduced to give more flexibility to establishment to create courses as per their requirements in the manufacturing, services, trade or any other sector. This has also opened up opportunities to non-engineering Graduates in fields such as B.A, B.Com., B.Sc., (including those pursuing such courses) and 10+2 pass outs from social sciences/commerce or those who have completed National Skill Qualification Framework aligned short terms courses to enroll under apprenticeship training programs and become industry ready.

3. Eligibility to be Apprentices under the Act

Any individual who has completed 14 years of age (18 years in case of Hazardous Industries defined under the Apprenticeship Rules), is a minimum of 5th class pass (for Optional Trade), is meeting the standard of physical fitness for the course and having minimum educational qualification prescribed for a trade can undergo apprenticeship training.

4. Procedure for Registration of Candidate on the Apprenticeship Portal

  • Candidate may access the apprenticeship portal and register him/ herself for an apprenticeship program in a sector/trade of his/her choice
  • Search for potential employers and apprenticeship opportunities posted by them on the apprenticeship portal -
  • Send applications to potential employers for apprenticeship training
  • Receive offer letters from establishments online and send his/her acceptance
  • Sign the contract of apprenticeship with the establishment & commence the apprenticeship program
  • Candidate can go to “Get Started” option available on the portal and follow the instructional manual i.e. “Candidate User Manual”
  • Please refer to the Apprentices (Amendment) Act, 2014 & Rules 2019 for more details – both can be found on the landing page of the apprenticeship portal

5. Apprenticeship Training Deemed to have commenced

The date on which the contract of apprenticeship has been entered between employer and apprentice and registered online on the web portal

6. Categories of Apprentice are covered under the Apprentice Program

  • ITI Pass Outs
  • Graduates / Diploma Holders
  • All Pass Outs from the National Skill Qualification Framework aligned courses including PMKVY/DDUGKY etc.
  • Dual-Learning Mode from ITIs
  • Perusing Graduation / Diplomas
  • Fresh apprentices

7. Benefits of Apprenticeship Training

  • Confidence
  • Earn While Learning
  • Mentor support
  • Achieving Real Life Experience
  • Mastering in a particular Job Field
  • Varied Career Choices
  • Maximum Learning
  • Trade Knowledge
  • Market Culture
  • Job Area & Requirements
  • Entrepreneurship Skills
  • Start-up Skills
  • Working experience of Live Project/Market trends
  • Product Supply and Demand
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